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Discovering the German Names and Culinary Uses of the 50 Most Common Fruits

Germany's rich culinary heritage includes a delightful array of fruits that find their way into traditional dishes, desserts, and beverages. Learning the German names of these fruits not only enriches your vocabulary but also opens the door to a world of delicious possibilities. In this blog post, we'll explore the German names of the 50 most common fruits and discover how they are used in German cuisine.




1. Apple - Apfel:

  • Apples are used in numerous German desserts, including Apfelstrudel (apple strudel) and Apfelkuchen (apple cake).

2. Banana - Banane:

  • Bananas are enjoyed as a snack, in smoothies, and sometimes in desserts like Bananenbrot (banana bread).

3. Orange - Orange:

  • Oranges are consumed fresh, juiced, or used in desserts and sauces.

4. Strawberry - Erdbeere:

  • Strawberries are used in desserts like Erdbeertorte (strawberry cake) and enjoyed fresh in salads.

5. Grape - Traube:

  • Grapes are used to make wine and enjoyed as a fruit snack.

6. Lemon - Zitrone:

  • Lemons are used for their juice and zest in cooking, baking, and making drinks like Zitronenlimonade (lemonade).

7. Peach - Pfirsich:

  • Peaches are used in desserts, jams, and sometimes in savoury dishes.

8. Plum - Pflaume:

  • Plums are used in compotes, cakes, and traditional German desserts like Pflaumenkuchen (plum cake).

9. Cherry - Kirsche :

  • Cherries are used in desserts, pies, and beverages like Kirschsaft (cherry juice).

10. Pear - Birne:

  • Pears are used in desserts, salads, and enjoyed fresh or dried.

11. Raspberry - Himbeere:

  • Raspberries are used in desserts, jams, and as a garnish for cakes.

12. Blueberry - Blaubeere:

  • Blueberries are used in desserts, muffins, and enjoyed fresh or in smoothies.

13. Pineapple - Ananas:

  • Pineapples are used in fruit salads, cocktails, and as a topping for desserts like Ananaskuchen (pineapple cake).

14. Watermelon - Wassermelone:

  • Watermelon is enjoyed fresh as a refreshing summer fruit.

  • 15. Mango - Mango: Mangos are used in fruit salads, chutneys, and desserts like Mangosorbet (mango sorbet).

16. Blackberry - Brombeere: 

  • Blackberries are used in desserts, jams, and as a topping for pancakes and waffles.

17. Grapefruit - Grapefruit: 

  • Grapefruits are eaten fresh or juiced, sometimes with sugar to balance their tartness.

18. Kiwi - Kiwi: 

  • Kiwis are enjoyed fresh, in fruit salads, and as a garnish for desserts.

19. Cranberry - Moosbeere: 

  • Cranberries are used in sauces, juices, and as a dried fruit in baking.

20. Apricot - Aprikose: 

  • Apricots are used in desserts, jams, and enjoyed fresh.

21. Fig - Feige:

  • Figs are used in desserts, jams, and as a cheese pairing.

22. Papaya - Papaya: 

  • Papayas are enjoyed fresh or in fruit salads.

23. Nectarine - Nektarine: 

  • Nectarines are used in desserts, jams, and enjoyed fresh.

24. Passion Fruit - Maracuja:

  • Passion fruits are used in desserts, drinks, and as a flavouring in sauces.

25. Red Currant - Johannisbeere:

  • Red currants are used in jams, desserts, and as a garnish for cakes.

26. Lime - Limette: 

  • Limes are used for their juice and zest in cooking, baking, and drinks like Caipirinha.

27. Avocado - Avocado: 

  • Avocado is used in salads, spreads, and as a topping for sandwiches and toast.

28. Plumcot - Pluot: 

  • Plumcots are used in desserts, jams, and enjoyed fresh.

29. Tangerine - Mandarine: 

  • Tangerines are enjoyed fresh, often as a snack.

30. Date - Dattel: 

  • Dates are used in desserts, energy bars, and as a natural sweetener.

31. Gooseberry - Stachelbeere: 

  • Gooseberries are used in desserts, jams, and as a filling for pies.

32. Lychee - Litschi:

  • Lychees are enjoyed fresh or used in fruit salads and desserts.

33. Elderberry - Holunderbeere: 

  • Elderberries are used in jams, syrups, and sometimes in wine production.

34. Guava - Guave: 

  • Guavas are used in drinks, jams, and desserts like Guavenschnitte (guava cake).

35. Pomegranate - Granatapfel: 

  • Pomegranates are used for their seeds and juice in salads, drinks, and desserts.

36. Boysenberry - Boysenbeere:

  • Boysenberries are used in desserts, jams, and as a filling for pies.

37. Quince - Quitte:

  • Quinces are used in jams, jellies, and desserts like Quittengelee (quince jelly).

38. Tamarind - Tamarinde:

  • Tamarind is used in sauces, chutneys, and as a flavoring in various dishes.

39. Dragon Fruit - Drachenfrucht: 

  • Dragon fruit is enjoyed fresh or used in fruit salads and smoothie bowls.

40. Persimmon - Kaki: 

  • Persimmons are enjoyed fresh or used in desserts like Persimonenkuchen (persimmon cake).

41. Cranberry - Moosbeere: 

  • Cranberries are used in sauces, juices, and as a dried fruit in baking.

42. Passion Fruit - Maracuja: 

  • Passion fruits are used in desserts, drinks, and as a flavouring in sauces.

43. Pineapple - Ananas: 

  • Pineapples are used in fruit salads, cocktails, and as a topping for desserts like Ananaskuchen (pineapple cake).

44. Mango - Mango: 

  • Mangos are used in fruit salads, chutneys, and desserts like Mangosorbet (mango sorbet).

45. Blackberry - Brombeere: 

  • Blackberries are used in desserts, jams, and as a topping for pancakes and waffles.

46. Plum - Pflaume: 

  • Plums are used in compotes, cakes, and traditional German desserts like Pflaumenkuchen (plum cake).

47. Raspberry - Himbeere: 

  • Raspberries are used in desserts, jams, and as a garnish for cakes.

48. Fig - Feige: 

  • Figs are used in desserts, jams, and as a cheese pairing.

49. Cherry - Kirsche:

  • Cherries are used in desserts, pies, and beverages like Kirschsaft (cherry juice).

50. Pear - Birne: 

  • Pears are used in desserts, salads, and enjoyed fresh or dried.


Whether you're exploring German cuisine or simply expanding your fruit vocabulary, knowing the German names of these common fruits can add a flavourful dimension to your language learning and culinary experiences. You might also want to learn the German names of the 50 most common vegetables and how to order a meal in German

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